Date: February 29, 1996
                                                       File No.: PRA 96-017

   TO:       Vancouver City Council

   FROM:     Chief Constable

   SUBJECT:  Photo Radar in the City of Vancouver


        THAT  City Council  endorse the use  of photo  radar by  the Police
        Department in the City of Vancouver.


        There is no Council policy regarding photo radar.


   The purpose is to obtain Council's endorsement of the use of photo radar
   in the City of Vancouver.


   This report has been written to acquaint Council with photo radar, which
   is  an innovative project developed  with the intention  of saving lives
   and associated costs in Vancouver.

   In May 1995, the  Minister of Transportation and Highways,  introduced a
   package of traffic  safety initiatives  to reduce the  death and  injury
   rate  on British Columbia Highways.   Included are  programs directed at
   drinking and driving, new  drivers, unlicensed drivers, fines collection
   and a variety of systems changes.


   The Speed Management  (Photo Radar)  Initiative involves the  use of  30
   Speed Cameras throughout the province, 14  of which will be deployed  in
   the Lower Mainland.  The first cameras will be in use  by March 1, 1996.
   The program will be fully operational by August 1996.

   Speed  Cameras  have  been  in  use  world  wide,  resulting  in  marked
   reductions in fatalities, injuries  and associated costs.  In  the state
   of  Victoria,  Australia a  traffic safety  program that  included photo
   radar resulted  in a 46 per  cent reduction in traffic  crash fatalities
   and  a 36 per  cent reduction in  major injuries in  a four-year period.
                                     - 2 -

   Photo  radar has been demonstrated  to be effective  in reducing crashes
   wherever it has been introduced.   This includes most of western Europe,
   New Zealand and  the cities of Edmonton and Calgary.   Courts in Alberta
   have  ruled in favour  of photo radar  at every challenge  over the last
   four years.

   Speed  is a primary  or major contributing  factor in 40%  of all injury
   crashes  in  Vancouver.    Speed  is  the  most  significant  factor  in
   determining  the severity of  a crash.   Photo radar  increases both the
   actual and perceived  probability of  being detected by  the police  for
   speeding.   The criteria for  camera use includes  many factors.   Speed
   Tolerances include  a baseline tolerance at  between  10 and  19 km over
   the  existing  speed  limits.    The  tolerance  depends  upon  weather,
   visibility and traffic conditions.

   The Integrated Traffic Camera  Unit (ITCU), comprised of members  of the
   RCMP  and   Municipal  Police  Departments  will   operate  the  program
   throughout British Columbia.   The Vancouver Police Department component
   is a  Sergeant and five  Constables.   Personnel costs are  paid by  the
   Attorney  General's  Ministry   under  the  terms  of  a  Memorandum  of
   Understanding.    Associated  costs,  including  court  duty,  training,
   recruiting  and  compensation are  the  responsibility  of the  Attorney

   Photo radar will be used in designated locations where there is either a
   history of collisions or  a documented concern about speeding.   Members
   will be restricted to operate photo radar cameras only where these bench
   marks exist.  A list of recommend sites in Vancouver is in Appendix "A".

   The   radar   cameras   being   used   have   sufficient   technological
   sophistication  to also compile traffic data.  In addition to monitoring
   traffic for  speed violations, they can provide Engineering Services and
   police traffic supervisors  with detailed  traffic data.   The speed  of
   each vehicle, recorded in the computer,  provides traffic flow patterns.
   The set tolerances are programmed to only photograph  vehicles exceeding
   the tolerance.

   There will be no reduction in the use of conventional radar and laser by
   Vancouver Police traffic personnel.   Traffic enforcement personnel will
   be  deployed more  frequently  to  playground  zones, school  zones  and
   residential streets where speeding is determined to be a problem and the
   area does not meet the criteria to use photo radar.

   Photo  radar  has  the  endorsement of  communities  throughout  British
   Columbia.   The Vancouver  Police Board endorses  the implementation  of
   photo radar.  It is supported by the BC Association of Chiefs of Police,
   BC  Medical  Association and  the  BC  Automobile Association.    Public
   opinion  polls conduced  in  Vancouver show  that  75% of  residents  of
   Vancouver  favour the  use of speed  cameras.   An Angus  Reid survey in
   March, 1995 showed that 70% of the British Columbians support the use of
   photo radar.


   Compliance with  vehicle  speed limits  improves the  livability of  our
   neighbourhoods.   This should reduce the emotional  distress suffered by
   the  families of  victims  of  motor  vehicle  collisions,  by  reducing
   accidents.  Fewer and less severe admissions to Hospital Emergency wards
   are likely to result from a reduction in accidents.
                                     - 3 -


   The police  in B.C.  have made  a commitment  to operate  the ITCU  as a
   unique blend of Municipal Police and RCMP personnel.


   The  six Vancouver  Police members  are paid  by the  Attorney General s
   Ministry  under the  terms of  a Memorandum  of Understanding.   Related
   costs,  such as court, training and recruiting are the responsibility of
   the Provincial Government.   Therefore, there is no financial  impact on
   the City of Vancouver.


   The provincial government and ICBC have an extensive communications plan
   to advise the public of the introduction of photo radar.


   Photo radar has  been demonstrated  to significantly  reduce deaths  and
   serious  injuries that result from traffic crashes.  The introduction of
   photo radar will save lives in Vancouver and reduce injuries.  The speed
   of traffic in the city will be reduced.

                           *     *     *     *     *

                                                                 APPENDIX A


   Blenheim                - 33rd to 16th
   Broadway                - Boundary to Renfrew
   Burrard Bridge          - to Nelson
   Cambie Bridge           - to Marine
   Clark/Knight corridor
   Fraser                  - 49th to Marine
   Georgia Viaduct
   Granville               - 16th to Marine
   Great Northern Way
   Hastings                - Renfrew to Cassiar
   Kerr                    - 41st to Marine
   King Edward
   Kingsway                - Victoria to Boundary
   McGill                  - Nanaimo to Renfrew
   Marine                  - SE and SW
   Nanaimo                 - Kingsway to McGill
   Oak                     - 33rd to Marine
   Prior                   - Venables to Viaduct
   Renfrew                 - 1st to McGill
   Stanley Park Causeway
   Terminal                - Main to Clark
   Victoria                - 49th to Marine
   1st                     - Clark to Boundary
   2nd Narrows Bridge
   16th                    - Arbutus to Blanca